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Llengua anglesa 


Reading comprehension


Two of the most dangerous storms which afflict America are hurricanes and tornadoes. They are very much feared by anyone who may live in the path of their destruction and cause millions of dollars worth of damage to life and property every year.
Hurricanes which usually develop between July and October are similar to cyclones and originate over the waters in the Caribbean Sea. They move upwards hitting the mainland of America somewhere in the Gulf of Mexico or the Atlantic Ocean. Once they hit land they carry tremendous power with driving rain and wind. These winds can attain speeds of over 75 mph. And cover an area of over 500 miles in diameter. At the center of the storm there is an "eye" with relatively fair weather and warm, dry air aloft. The diameter of the eye is usually about 32 kilometers. When the eye passes the relief is only temporary but soon the wind and rain will suddenly reappear from the opposite direction.
         Every year homes are destroyed by their fury and often lives are lost. Most people who live near the coast are forced to evacuate their homes and to move to safer areas until the storm passes. Floods are caused along the coasts by both the heavy rain and a storm tide that is considerably above normal water level. The high winds, coastal flooding and torrential rains associated with a hurricane cause enormous damage.
         People living in the wake of a storm are given ample warning to protect their homes. Flashlights or candles are be prepared in case of electric-power failures and plenty of fresh water should be saved as precautions against the pollution of water supplies by flooding.
       If one should travel inland across the Great Plains and the prairie states of America, one will most likely not encounter a hurricane, but there is another kind of storm in the Midwest which is equally feared. It is called a tornado. Tornadoes are violent low-pressured storms with an intense updraft near their center which is capable of lifting quite heavy objects from the ground. A tornado, therefore, is a dark, funnel-shaped cloud containing violently rotating air. It can pick up trees and cars right into the air and even uplift heavier objects such as homes and railway cars. Like a vacuum cleaner across a rug, it sucks up into the air anything which may lie in its path. These storms occur most often during the summer months and are noticeable by their strong wind and lack of rain. The sky turns black as dust is sucked up into the air. Tornadoes travel normally at around 60 kilometers per hour and the winds can reach 800 kilometers per hours in the most violent storms. Tornadoes are most frequent in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains and especially in the central plains area of the Mississippi basin where about 150 occur each year. Tornadoes may also strike the southern states in winter and have even been known to develop in the northeast.
Both hurricanes and tornadoes cause millions of dollars worth of damage each year. Today they can be predicted more easily than in the past, but they cannot be stopped or ignored. When they come they must be endured with the hope that one survives their fury and wrath.

1.   What are two of the most dangerous storms which afflict America?


A. Thunderstorms and hurricanes

B. Typhoons and thunderstorms

C. Hurricanes and tonadoes

D. Hurricanes and typhoons

E. Thunderstorms and cyclones


2.   At which part of the year do hurricanes usually develop?


A. July and August only

B. Between July and October

C. From the seventh to the ninth month

D. They develop throughout the year

E. During hot summer months


3.   Where do hurricanes usually develop?


A. In the southwest of America

B. In the Carribean Sea

C. In the Atlantic Ocean off Bermuda

D. Over the mainland near the water

E. Usually in the Gulf of Mexico


4.   What is the center of a hurricane called?


A. The eye.

B. The middle.

C. The center.

D. The interior

E. The fury


5.   How wide is the diameter of the eye?


A. 75 kilometers.

B. 500 miles

C. Exactly 32 kilometers

D. Approximately 32 kilometers

E. 32 kilometers


6.   Where can one encounter tornadoes in America?


A. Along the sounthern coast

B. Near the Gulf of Mexico

C. Near coastal areas

D. Across the great Plains

E. Near the mountains 








7.   What is the major difference between a hurricane and a tornado?


A. Hurricanes cover a larger area.

B. Tornado has more wind and speed

C. Tornado is not accompanied by rain.

D. Hurricans can cause great damage.

E. They occur at different seasons.


8.   Which is not true of tornadoes?


A. They occur only during the summer.

B. They cause millions of dollars worth of damage.

C. They can be found not only in the Midwest but also in the northeast.

D. The sky turns black as dust is forced up into the air

E. They can be more easily predicted today that in the past


9.   Which of the following is true of tornadoes and hurricanes?


A. They can not be predicted with accuracy

B. They are easier to control today than in the past

C. Tornadoes are more dangerous than hurricanes.

D. They are slow moving and do not travel at great speeds.

E. They can be predicted today with greater accuracy


10.   Which of the following was not mentioned in the article?


A. The damage caused by Hurricanes and tornadoes.

B. The tremendous power of these storms.

C. The number of people killed each your by these storms.

D. The time of year when they are most likely to strike.

E. The speeds at which they travel. 

Last Update: October 2015

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